Born on This Day:
1938 Shirley Caesar - renowned Gospel singer
Dorothy Moore - American pop, R&B singer
1940 Pharoah Sanders - Grammy winning jazz saxophonist
1975 R&B twins Brandon & Brian Casey of the group Jagged Edge
1980 Ashanti (born Ashanti Shequoiya Douglas) - Grammy winning R&B singer
ON THIS DAY:
1958 No. 1 song - "It's All in the Game" by Tommy Edwards
1896 Scott Joplin, James Scott & Joseph Lamb bring West Indian rhythms to European progressions to create a uniquely American popular music form called "ragtime".
1897 Buddy Bolden organizes 1st band in New Orleans to play instrumental blues.
1912 Bandleader and composer William Christopher handy writes and publishes memphis Blues, giving rise to the classic blues era.
1916 Charles Albert Tindley becomes the 1st published black gospel composer with the release of New Songs Of Paradise, a songbook of 37 gospel hymns.
1919 New Orleans trumpeter Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton make Chicago the new capital of jazz music.
1920 Marnie Smith's recording of Crazy Blues becomes the 1st "race" record to sell ove 250,000 copies.
1922 Jazz pianist/composer Duke Ellington forms the Duke Ellington Orchestra in New York.
1923 Bessie Smith's 1st song, Down Hearted Blues, is an instant hit and Smith becomes "Queen of the Blues".
1928 Victor label holds 1st recording session in Nashville, featuring black Opry star DeFord Bailey, but only 1/2 of his songs are released & he's short-changed on royalties.
1932 Blues pianist/composer Thomas A. Dorsey writes Take My Hand, Precious Lord and embarks on a new career as the "father of gospel music".
1936 Electric guitars debut.
1939 Oscar Peterson wins CBC amateur contest at 14 & gets a regular 15-minute gig playing live on the air.
1949 First 45 rpm 7-inch singoles appear in the U.S.
1951 John Lee Hooker scored on the R&B charts with his 78 "I'm in the Mood", his 6th hit. In the next few years, it would sell more than one million copies, as would his 1st single, "Boogie Chillen.' ".
1956 The Hearbeats' standard, "A Thousand Miles Away" (353 pop, #5 R&B), was released. The group's lead singer, James Sheppard, wrote the standard while lounging in his bathtub.
1956 The Chips' "Rubber Biscuit" ($100), the Cleftones' "String Around My Heart" ($40), and the Cadillacs' "The Girl I Love" ($100) were issued.
1957 Specialty Records, upon hearing of Little Richards' plan to leave rock 'n' roll, scheduled a quick eight-song recording session before the rocker could enter a theological seminary.
1959 Former Detroit assembly line worker Berry Gordy Jr. founds the Motown label.
1963 Brook Benton followed the Beatles on Sunday Night at the London Palladium, his British TV debut. In essence, The Beatles opened for him.
1977 Orlons member Shirley Brickley was shot to death by an intruder in her Philadelphia home. The Orlons were one of the hottest dance music groups of the early 60s. They formed as a group in high school in the late 1950s, and were known as an all-girl quintet called Audrey and the Teenettes, before they became the Orlons. Shirley was a member through all 9 of their Top 100 hits. She was only 32.
1979 Michael Jackson's "Don't Stop Til You Get Enough" reached #1 pop & R&B. It was his 1st solo #1 in seven years & reached #3 in England and #2 in Germany.
The Sugar Hill Gang charted R&B with "Rapper's Delight", reaching #4 & #36 pop. They became the 1st pop success on the rap scene with what turned out to be their biggest hit.